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Aired at 02:30 PM on Friday, Sep 11, 2015 (9/11/2015)      View all transcripts from this day

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00:00:18" >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg.
00:00:42>> It's a global truth.
00:00:43We can do more when we work together.
00:00:46At mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe, because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves.
00:01:03Mufg -- we build relationships that build the world.
00:01:08" >> this is "bbc world news " questions are raised about the saudi airstrikes in yemen.
00:01:26The bbc hears evidence of civilians paying a deadly toll.
00:01:30>> I'm surrounded here by people coming up, telling me that they, their families, the relatives, their children are killed in air strikes.
00:01:48 amateur footage captures the moment when a crane collapses in mecca killing dozens when it crashed into the grand mosque.
00:01:54♪♪
00:01:55nd his words come to life in black-and-white and white.
00:02:04We speak with south african artist will -- william kentridge about his new show.
00:02:21 welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe.
00:02:23For months now, the yemeni capital has been pounded by sau di airstrikes.
00:02:30The saudis, backed by the west, want to reinstate the president and while a new round of peace talks had been announced by the all previous attempts to end the conflict have felt -- have failed.
00:02:49Our correspondent is in yemen to see the impact of the strikes.
00:02:51His report does contain disturbing images.
00:03:04 it's a city under siege.
00:03:10Six months of bombing, airstrikes day in, day o u t.
00:03:14The campaign is led by saudi arabia and backed by the west.
00:03:28On the main shopping street, a missile has gone straight to the roof of a residential block.
00:03:35Three people were killed here, including a mother and a young daughter.
00:03:40No neighborhood is safe.
00:03:41>> I hear too much screaming.
00:03:48All of the building is full of families.
00:03:49Full of families.
00:03:50 towards the saudi border the bombing is more intense.
00:03:55We've heard reports of deliberate attacks on civilians, attacks that could amount to war crimes.
00:04:0413 Years old, he worked at a water bottling plant.
00:04:0910 Days ago he had dinner with his parents and his brother.
00:04:13Then the two brothers set off for the night shift.
00:04:17Can you tell me what happened?
00:04:18We meet the manager.
00:04:22The fact he was hit by an airstrike, he tells me.
00:04:43The owner showed us a list of those that were working that night.
00:04:45More than half were killed.
00:04:4613 In total, including ahmad and his brother.
00:04:50The saudis say this was a weapons factory and the training camp for african mercenaries.
00:04:57We saw absolutely no evidence of that.
00:05:03One of the workers picks up a bottle.
00:05:05Is this a missile?
00:05:09Did you hear that?
00:05:14That was an airstrike.
00:05:16We could definitely hear the sound coming from over that way.
00:05:18All of this is happening not only with the full support of the international community and the stamp of approval of the united nations but also with the enthusiastic support of britain and of the the united states who not only are continue to sell weapons to saudi arabia as they come but also have offices inside the coalition high command.
00:05:46The plant is not the only example.
00:05:48The saudis denied it was a coalition missile that struck the city, a unesco world heritage site.
00:05:58Whatever it was that destroyed these historic buildings, we do know what military hardware the saudi air force is using, maybe american-made f-15's and british made tornadoes and typhoons dropping bombs supplied by the u.s. and the u.k.
00:06:13>> It's difficult to argue that a weapon being sold to saudi arabia would not be used in yemen.
00:06:21It enables the country to use other weapons in yemen.
00:06:24So we clearly know that is happening.
00:06:28There is evidence of personal support in terms of supporting the air force and the army here.
00:06:35 the scale of the crisis is huge.
00:06:39On top of the blockade and the airstrikes, there have been months of fierce fighting between the two sides.
00:06:44A million and a half people have fled their homes seeking shelter in makeshift camps.
00:06:49Half the population of yemen does not know where their next meal will come from.
00:06:57He's forced to pick the leaves off thorn bushes to feed her four children.
00:07:05You grind it up with water.
00:07:10It is better than starving to death, she says.
00:07:13The family is here because of the airstrikes further north nowhere is safe.
00:07:16In july, missile landed near their tent.
00:07:18She, four months pregnant, miscarried.
00:07:22But she says, she fears hunb more than bonds -- she fears hunger more than bonds.
00:07:53 diligently targeting civilians in refugee camps or elsewhere, is a war crime.
00:07:57Surrounded here by people coming up one after the other telling me that their family, the relatives and children were killed in saudi airstrikes.
00:08:08There is no end to the witnesses here.
00:08:09A week after the airstrikes on the bottling plant, we meant to meet -- went to meet his parents.
00:08:21Mohammed was the family breadwinner.
00:08:22Ahmad a typical 13-year-old.
00:08:26Ibrahim described hearing the blast at the bottling plant.
00:08:31How they searched through the rubble of the bought -- for the bodies of their sons.
00:08:36How they got their severed limbs together in a plastic bag.
00:09:03 whoever did this to us, the father said, may god repay them.
00:09:05Not everyone here supports the houtis, but with every airstrike in every civilian death, resistance to the saudis and the ir allies is growing.
00:09:17 in a statement the british government says the u.k.
00:09:22Is supportive of saudi led coalition military intervention that came at the request of the president.
00:09:28As part of the present -- that offering one of the most rigorous and transparent export control regimes in the world.
00:09:40The statement continues, the government has always been clear that any action, including military, must be in accordance " for more on the campaign underway and the potential for any peace talks, I spoke with stephen, who formerly served as the u.s. ambassador to yemen.
00:10:02Thank you very much, indeed for joining me.
00:10:06As we just heard in that report, it seems that these airstrikes are actually turning resistance against the saudi coalition and therefore, western allies such as the u.s.
00:10:18How damaging could this be?
00:10:20 I think this is got to be a natural reaction to what has been going on now for six months.
00:10:27March 26 was the start day of the air campaign.
00:10:30It has gone on relentlessly since then.
00:10:324 million internally displaced yemenis, over 4000 casualties and 10,000 refugees.
00:10:42The humanitarian dimensions are appalling.
00:10:45I think it has to have a reaction among the people.
00:10:46It will erode support for what the saudis have to do -- have tried to do.
00:10:52 given the high number of casualties and the disturbing suspicions of war crimes, is should be part of?
00:11:03 joined at the beginning in march because it they were afraid that they would have less influence on trying to direct the actions of the saudi allies.
00:11:13 government was in a bit of a pickle.
00:11:20They saw they were getting on the train in trying to help the engineer move towards the proper destination.
00:11:25I am not sure they are able to influence this sufficiently.
00:11:27 can this conflict be resolved by force?
00:11:31Stevee: absolutely not.
00:11:36What we are seeing now is diminishing returns.
00:11:37The longer this goes on, the saudis concluded the airstrikes alone are not going to be sufficient which is why they have introduced ground forces.
00:11:45Up to 10,000.
00:11:50Maybe even egyptians, although that is not clear, either.
00:11:52They realize they cannot do this only light air.-- by air.
00:11:57That has a very disturbing consequence.
00:11:59If they look at the capital as the next target and they seem to be talking about that after these peace talks -- not succeeding, they will look at the capital.
00:12:11 let's talk about the peace talks.
00:12:13At the moment, both sides, the houthi rebels and the government says they will attend.
00:12:20What chance of success?
00:12:20 there has to be some real commitment on the part of both parties to offer concessions.
00:12:28Not just sit there and say this -pIS MY PRECONDITION.
00:12:29One has to be that the president who is consisting on compliance or commitment to compliance with resolution says that the houthis has to vacate all the areas they have seized, is a precondition.
00:12:45I'm not so sure that houthis will agree with that.
00:12:49To make that a precondition for getting in the door, that may be asking a bit much.
00:12:53 so, chances of success not very high?
00:12:57 I have a lot of faith in the u.n. envoy.
00:13:02This is a terrible situation and the only way to get out of it is through negotiations.
00:13:05 thank you very much for joining me.
00:13:10Authorities in saudi arabia are blaming strong winds for a crane collapse in mecca that killed 87 people.
00:13:20Images posted on social media, parts of the crane appear to have broken through the ceiling of the great mosque.
00:13:27Paul adams has more.
00:13:34 in the midst of a ferocious storm, sand swirling for the city, a disaster striking the very heart of the muslim world.
00:13:44Through the murk, a construction crane toppling onto mecca's sacred mosque.
00:13:57Fear among the faithful gathering for the annual pilgrimage.
00:13:59It is not known how many died inside the mosque.
00:14:03How many in the panic that followed.
00:14:05[Screening] - screaming the death toll steadily rose.
00:14:16Rescue workers found appalling scenes, most ofl graphic to broadcast -- too graphic to broadcast.
00:14:25The authorities want to accommodate more than 2 million pilgrims.
00:14:27But the dangers of so much construction amid some people have now been laid bear.
00:14:34 security because I has authorized a new investigation to find out who's responsible for chemical attacks on civilians in syria.
00:14:44Both present assad's forces and militants from islamic state have been accused of using chemicals.
00:14:51The bbc has seen evidence of more than 60 such attacks with experts calling for immediate action.
00:14:57The turkish authorities say the weeklong military curfew placed on therdish town will be lifted saturday morning.
00:15:09The european human rights organization appealed to turkey to allow observers into the town.
00:15:16Turkey has denied reports that more than 20 civilians have been killed.
00:15:20Republican presidential candidate rick perry is suspended his campaign.
00:15:25In a statement, the former texas governor said, "we have a tremendous field, the best in the generation, so I step aside knowing our party is in good " perry is the first in a crowded field to quit the race.
00:15:40He has been stuck near the bottom of the polls.
00:15:45President obama has led a minu te's silence on the white house lawn to mark the 40th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.
00:15:53It marks the time when the first jet smashed into the north tower of the world trade center in new york.
00:16:02A ceremony of remembrance also to place their.
00:16:03You're watching "bbc world news :" as the flow of migrants continues into europe, disturbing pictures emerge from detention centers in hungary where refugees are being thrown food.
00:16:24An initial report on the fire on a british airways plane in las vegas airport earlier this week suggests that parts of an engine broke off,/through the casing and landed on the runway.
00:16:33 new pictures today from inside the burning aircraft.
00:16:38Showing just how serious the fire was and how close to disaster those on board came.
00:16:44>> Ladies and gentlemen, please remain seated.
00:16:48 american safety experts say the engine casing blew apart , sending debris everywhere.
00:16:55Bits of the aircraft flew seven or eight inches long found on the runway.
00:17:04The captain was calmly communicating with air traffic controllers.
00:17:09>> Mayday, made a.
00:17:13-- Mayday.
00:17:14>> Heavy fire services on the way.
00:17:18 this had been his penultimate flight.
00:17:22He's now believed to have returned to the united kingdom.
00:17:27Where neighbors at his home say he is a very impressive person.
00:17:30The capan was due to retire next weekend.
00:17:37But as he told one interviewer, safe to say I am now finished with flying.
00:17:40Most of the passengers who scrambled away from the burning aircraft have also flown back home.
00:17:46>> The staff on board were superb.
00:17:50You can practice that stuff is much as you like, but until you have to deal with 160 passengers panicking and grabbing luggage, jumping off slides.
00:18:00Fire everywhere, there is no amount of training to prepare yourself.
00:18:07 a full inquiry is now taking place.
00:18:11But this was an aircraft that beat the odds in vegas.
00:18:16Now investigators want to know how.
00:18:27 for weeks, we have been showing you the constant flow of refugees out of north africa and the middle -- the numbers tell the tale.
00:18:38430,000 People have crossed the mediterranean to europe so far this year.
00:18:43That is double the total for all of last year.
00:18:44Among the more disturbing scenes are new images coming out of the hungarian camp near the serbian border.
00:18:51Where refugees are being thrown food.
00:18:53Our correspondent james reynolds has traveled there.
00:19:00 tonight in the first few meters of hank aaron territory, refugee families struggle to hold onto one another -- in the first few meters of hungarian territory.
00:19:12This is the start of your's single border zone, there is a crash for buses.
00:19:19There is a huge amount of confusion, even of panic among these migrants and refugees.
00:19:23They want to keep going towards germany, but hungary's authorities are stopping them here and putting them on these buses.
00:19:30>> Mama!
00:19:34Reporter: they get separated.
00:19:38He tries to reassure his girls.
00:19:41>> My wife go.
00:19:44We are staying here.
00:19:47The baby is crying.
00:19:48 this is what refugees face inside one of two registration camps.
00:19:55These pictures show what passes for food distribution.
00:20:02Hungary's prime minister suggest the police are doing their best against a rebellion by illegal migrants.
00:20:08The organization human rights watch calls tehse conditions -- these conditions filthy and abysmal and accuses hungary of failing to apply -- abide by its international obligations.
00:20:25>> Hungary continues to be the most difficult part of the journey that the syrian refugees in afghan refugees are making to europe.
00:20:32They get blocked at the border.
00:20:37The police take them to these holding centers where they live in horrible conditions.
00:20:41 hungary continues to build a fence to secure its border.
00:20:48It aims to finish construction by next tuesday.
00:20:49It promises tough action afterwards against anyone who tries to break through.
00:20:56>> Unlawfully crossing the border is a crime that carries serious legal consequences.
00:21:04We are putting up signs all over the place that show them where they have to go if they want to come to hungary.
00:21:10Where they can do it lawfully.
00:21:14If they do not cross legally, we will consider it a crime.
00:21:16 many more refugees are on their way.
00:21:20Every day, more than 3000 people make it into hungary.
00:21:24This cannot be what they expected.
00:21:34 distressing images coming out of hungary.
00:21:35As poorer nations continue to struggle to cope with the crisis.
00:21:39And president obama weighed in on the crisis today saying the world should expect refugee problems for decades to come.
00:21:47 obama was speaking at a town hall event with members of the armed forces.
00:21:52He said military conflicts and climate change will contribute to ongoing migrant problems.
00:21:57Now, south african artist william kentridge is known for working and many mediums including print, drawings and animated films.
00:22:09He has been described as one of the most important politically engaged artists doing today.
00:22:13And his father represented nelson mandela.
00:22:16Our bbc arts editor went to meet him in london where he has a new show.
00:22:27 his powerful black-and-white work is instantly recognizable.
00:22:34At first, his sketchy hand-drawn creation might appear simple, almost childish, but they are -- their direct style quickly draws you into a complex, politically charged -- area.
00:22:50>> It's both a dance macabre, but it is really, which is a dance about people being labeled to death.
00:23:03But it is also a procession of refugees, of people in all different parts, particularly around johannesburg.
00:23:10It has this marvelous uplifting music playing throughout.
00:23:14♪♪
00:23:16 in extreme circumstances, there is often such moments of energy needed to keep going which give a demonstration of -- how one can survive even in dire circumstances.
00:23:32His parents are both influential lawyers.
00:23:36His father famously defended nelson mandela.
00:23:40Was there a parental drive for the young one to go to law school?
00:23:47 my father said, my god, if you could do something other than law, why would you want to do law?
00:24:00I had a sense he had done it so much better than I was and it -- ever able to do it.
00:24:03 you had a circuitous route to becoming an artist.
00:24:07You study politics at university.
00:24:10You then seriously considered being an actor.
00:24:14And discovered he could not act.
00:24:16 I was -- by my failures.
00:24:23If I had been a less bad actor, I would have a tough time struggling to be an actor.
00:24:28I was saved by being so incompetent at oil painting.
00:24:36I was reduced to black-and-white.
00:24:37Reporter: and drawing?
00:24:42From such basic materials and palate, william kentridge has built up a remarkable body of work, much of it reflecting on the political life of south africa past and present.
00:24:52What about its future?
00:24:54 I am cautiously pessimistic.
00:24:58I think there are a lot of, i think so many opportunities have been missed in the last 20 years.
00:25:04Reporter: by whom?
00:25:09 by the government in terms of gathering the goodwill of people, particularly in the black, the part of black communities who gained their freedom.
00:25:19There is now a degree of anger and disappointment.
00:25:23♪♪
00:25:27 and we have one final piece of news for you tonight.
00:25:32In a shocker, serena williams has been beaten by italy's roberto vinci, ending the americans hopes of a calendar grand slam.
00:25:42 vinci was playing in her first grand slam semi final and had nevr even won a set off williams before today.
00:25:51There you go.
00:25:55That brings today's show to a close.
00:25:58You can find much more on all today's news at our website.
00:26:00To reach me, go to twitter @bbcnews us.
00:26:06Thank you for watching.
00:26:06Have a good weekend.
00:26:21>> Make sense of international news at bbc.com/news.
00:26:26>> Funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg.
00:26:43>> Build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries.
00:26:49That is the strength behind good banking relationships, too.
00:26:53Which is why, at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time.
00:27:00Because with time comes change and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it.
00:27:06Mufg -- we build relationships that build the world.
00:27:12>> "Bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
00:00:25" >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg.
00:00:49>> It's a global truth.
00:00:50We can do more when we work together.
00:00:53At mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe, because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves.
00:01:10Mufg -- we build relationships that build the world.
00:01:15" >> this is "bbc world news " questions are raised about the saudi airstrikes in yemen.
00:01:33The bbc hears evidence of civilians paying a deadly toll.
00:01:38>> I'm surrounded here by people coming up, telling me that they, their families, the relatives, their children are killed in air strikes.
00:01:55 amateur footage captures the moment when a crane collapses in mecca killing dozens when it crashed into the grand mosque.
00:02:01♪♪
00:02:02nd his words come to life in black-and-white and white.
00:02:11We speak with south african artist will -- william kentridge about his new show.
00:02:28 welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe.
00:02:30For months now, the yemeni capital has been pounded by sau di airstrikes.
00:02:37The saudis, backed by the west, want to reinstate the president and while a new round of peace talks had been announced by the all previous attempts to end the conflict have felt -- have failed.
00:02:56Our correspondent is in yemen to see the impact of the strikes.
00:02:58His report does contain disturbing images.
00:03:11 it's a city under siege.
00:03:17Six months of bombing, airstrikes day in, day o u t.
00:03:21The campaign is led by saudi arab on the main shopping street, a missile has gone straight to the roof of a residential block.
00:03:42Three people were killed here, including a mother and a young daughter.
00:03:47No neighborhood is safe.
00:03:48>> I hear too much screaming.
00:03:55All of the building is full of families.
00:03:56Full of families.
00:03:57 towards the saudi border the bombing is more intense.
00:04:02We've heard reports of deliberate attacks on civilians, attacks that could amount to war crimes.
00:04:1113 Years old, he worked at a water bottling plant.
00:04:1610 Days ago he had dinner with his parents and his brother.
00:04:20Then the two brothers set off for the night shift.
00:04:24Can you tell me what happened?
00:04:25We meet the manager.
00:04:29The fact he was hit by an airstrike, he tells me.
00:04:50The owner showed us a list of those that were working that night.
00:04:52More than half were killed.
00:04:5313 In total, including ahmad and his brother.
00:04:57The saudis say this was a weapons factory and the training camp for african mercenaries.
00:05:04We saw absolutely no evidence of that.
00:05:10One of the workers picks up a bottle.
00:05:12Is this a missile?
00:05:16Did you hear that?
00:05:21That was an airstrike.
00:05:23We could definitely hear the sound coming from over that way.
00:05:25All of this is happening not only with the full support of the international community and the stamp of approval of the united nations but also with the enthusiastic support of britain and of the the united states who not only are continue to sell weapons to saudi arabia as they come but also have offices inside the coalition high command.
00:05:53The plant is not the only example.
00:05:55The saudis denied it was a coalition missile that struck the city, a unesco world heritage site.
00:06:05Whatever it was that destroyed these historic buildings, we do know what military hardware the saudi air force is using, maybe american-made f-15's and british made tornadoes and typhoons dropping bombs supplied by the u.s. and the u.k.
00:06:20>> It's difficult to argue that a weapon being sold to saudi arabia would not be used in yemen.
00:06:28It enables the country to use other weapons in yemen.
00:06:31So we clearly know that is happening.
00:06:35There is evidence of personal support in terms of supporting the air force and the army here.
00:06:42 the scale of the crisis is huge.
00:06:46On top of the blockade and the airstrikes, there have been months of fierce fighting between the two sides.
00:06:51A million and a half people have fled their homes seeking shelter in makeshift camps.
00:06:56Half the population of yemen does not know where their next meal will come from.
00:07:04He's forced to pick the leaves off thorn bushes to feed her four children.
00:07:12You grind it up with water.
00:07:17It is better than starving to death, she says.
00:07:20The family is here because of the airstrikes further north nowhere is safe.
00:07:23In july, missile landed near their tent.
00:07:25She, four months pregnant, miscarried.
00:07:29But she says, she fears hunb more than bonds -- she fears hunger more than bonds.
00:08:00 diligently targeting civilians in refugee camps or elsewhere, is a war crime.
00:08:04Surrounded here by people coming up one after the other telling me that their family, the relatives and children were killed in saudi airstrikes.
00:08:15There is no end to the witnesses here.
00:08:17A week after the airstrikes on the bottling plant, we meant to meet -- went to meet his parents.
00:08:28Mohammed was the family breadwinner.
00:08:29Ahmad a typical 13-year-old.
00:08:33Ibrahim described hearing the blast at the bottling plant.
00:08:38How they searched through the rubble of the bought -- for the bodies of their sons.
00:08:43How they got their severed limbs together in a plastic bag.
00:09:10 whoever did this to us, the father said, may god repay them.
00:09:12Not everyone here supports the houtis, but with every airstrike in every civilian death, resistance to the saudis and the allies is growing.
00:09:24 in a statement the british government says the u.k.
00:09:28Is supportive of saudi led coalition military intervention that came at the request of the ident.
00:09:35As part of the present -- that offering one of the most rigorous and transparent export control regimes in the world.
00:09:47The statement continues, the government has always been clear that any action, including military, must be in accordance " for more on the campaign underway and the potential for any peace talks, I spoke with stephen, who formerly served as the u.s. ambassador to yemen.
00:10:09Thank you very much, indeed for joining me.
00:10:13As we just heard in that report, it seems that these airstrikes are actually turning resistance against the saudi coalition and therefore, western allies such as the u.s.
00:10:25How damaging could this be?
00:10:27 I think this is got to be a natural reaction to what has been going on now for six months.
00:10:34March 26 was the start day of the air campaign.
00:10:37It has gone on relentlessly since then.
00:10:394 million internally displaced yemenis, over 4000 casualties and 10,000 refugees.
00:10:48The humanitarian dimensions are appalling.
00:10:51I think it has to have a reaction among the people.
00:10:53It will erode support for what the saudis have to do -- have tried to do.
00:10:59 given the high number of casualties and the disturbing suspicions of war crimes, is should be part of?
00:11:10 joined at the beginning in march because it they were afraid that they would have less influence on trying to direct the actions of the saudi allies.
00:11:20 government was in a bit of a pickle.
00:11:27They saw they were getting on the train in trying to help the engineer move towards the proper destination.
00:11:32I am not sure they are able to influence this sufficiently.
00:11:34 can this conflict be resolved by force?
00:11:38Stevee: absolutely not.
00:11:43What we are seeing now is diminishing returns.
00:11:44The longer this goes on, the saudis concluded the airstrikes alone are not going to be sufficient which is why they have introduced ground forces.
00:11:52Up to 10,000.
00:11:57Maybe even egyptians, although that is not clear, either.
00:11:59They realize they cannot do this only light air.-- by air.
00:12:04That has a very disturbing consequence.
00:12:06If they look at the capital as the next target and they seem to be talking about that after these peace talks -- not succeeding, they will look at the capital.
00:12:18 let's talk about the peace talks.
00:12:20At the moment, both sides, the houthi rebels and the government says they will attend.
00:12:27What chance of success?
00:12:27 there has to be some real commitment on the part of both parties to offer concessions.
00:12:35Not just sit there and say this -pIS MY PRECONDITION.
00:12:36One has to be that the president who is consisting on compliance or commitment to compliance with resolution says that the houthis has to vacate all the areas they have seized, is a precondition.
00:12:52I'm not so sure that houthis will agree with that.
00:12:56To make that a precondition for getting in the door, that may be asking a bit much.
00:13:00 so, chances of success not very high?
00:13:04 I have a lot of faith in the u.n. envoy.
00:13:09This is a terrible situation and the only way to get out of it is through negotiations.
00:13:12 thank you very much for joining me.
00:13:17Authorities in saudi arabia are blaming strong winds for a crane collapse in mecca that killed 87 people.
00:13:27Images posted on social media, parts of the crane appear to have broken through the ceiling of the great mosque.
00:13:34Paul adams has more.
00:13:41 in the midst of a ferocious storm, sand swirling for the city, a disaster striking the very heart of the muslim world.
00:13:51Through the murk, a construction crane toppling onto mecca's sacred mosque.
00:14:04Fear among the faithful gathering for the annual pilgrimage.
00:14:06It is not known how many died inside the mosque.
00:14:10How many in the panic that followed.
00:14:12[Screening] - screaming the death toll steadily rose.
00:14:23Rescue workers found appalling scenes, most ofl graphic to broadcast -- too graphic to broadcast.
00:14:32The authorities want to accommodate more than 2 million pilgrims.
00:14:34But the dangers of so much construction amid some people have now been laid bear.
00:14:41 security because I has authorized a new investigation to find out who's responsible for chemical attacks on civilians in syria.
00:14:51Both present assad's forces and militants from islamic state have been accused of using chemicals.
00:14:58The bbc has seen evidence of more than 60 such attacks with experts calling for immediate action.
00:15:04The turkish authorities say the weeklong military curfew placed on therdish town will be lifted saturday morning.
00:15:16The european human rights organization appealed to turkey to allow observers into the town.
00:15:23Turkey has denied reports that more than 20 civilians have been killed.
00:15:27Republican presidential candidate rick perry is suspended his campaign.
00:15:32In a statement, the former texas governor said, "we have a tremendous field, the best in the generation, so I step aside knowing our party is in good " perry is the first in a crowded field to quit the race.
00:15:47He has been stuck near the bottom of the polls.
00:15:52President obama has led a minu te's silence on the white house lawn to mark the 40th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.
00:16:00It marks the time when the first jet smashed into the north tower of the world trade center in new york.
00:16:09A ceremony of remembrance also to place their.
00:16:10You're watching "bbc world news :" as the flow of migrants continues into europe, disturbing pictures emerge from detention centers in hungary where refugees are being thrown food.
00:16:31An initial report on the fire on a british airways plane in las vegas airport earlier this week suggests that parts of an engine broke off,/through the casing and landed on the runway.
00:16:40 new pictures today from inside the burning aircraft.
00:16:45Showing just how serious the fire was and how close to disaster those on board came.
00:16:51>> Ladies and gentlemen, please remain seated.
00:16:55 american safety experts say the engine casing blew apart , sending debris everywhere.
00:17:02Bits of the aircraft flew seven or eight inches long found on the runway.
00:17:11The captain was calmly communicating with air traffic controllers.
00:17:16>> Mayday, made a.
00:17:20-- Mayday.
00:17:21>> Heavy fire services on the way.
00:17:25 this had been his penultimate flight.
00:17:29He's now believed to have returned to the united kingdom.
00:17:34Where neighbors at his home say he is a very impressive person.
00:17:37The capan was due to retire next weekend.
00:17:44But as he told one interviewer, safe to say I am now finished with flying.
00:17:47Most of the passengers who scrambled away from the burning aircraft have also flown back home.
00:17:52>> The staff on board were superb.
00:17:56You can practice that stuff is much as you like, but until you have to deal with 160 passengers panicking and grabbing luggage, jumping off slides.
00:18:07Fire everywhere, there is no amount of training to prepare yourself.
00:18:14 a full inquiry is now taking place.
00:18:18But this was an aircraft that beat the odds in vegas.
00:18:23Now investigators want to know how.
00:18:34 for weeks, we have been showing you the constant flow of refugees out of north africa and the middle -- the numbers tell the tale.
00:18:45430,000 People have crossed the mediterranean to europe so far this year.
00:18:50That is double the total for all of last year.
00:18:51Among the more disturbing scenes are new images coming out of the hungarian camp near the serbian border.
00:18:58Where refugees are being thrown food.
00:19:00Our correspondent james reynolds has traveled there.
00:19:07 tonight in the first few meters of hank aaron territory, refugee families struggle to hold onto one another -- in the first few meters of hungarian territory.
00:19:19This is the start of your's single border zone, there is a crash for buses.
00:19:26There is a huge amount of confusion, even of panic among these migrants and refugees.
00:19:30They want to keep going towards germany, but hungary's authorities are stopping them here and putting them on these buses.
00:19:37>> Mama!
00:19:41Reporter: they get separated.
00:19:45He tries to reassure his girls.
00:19:48>> My wife go.
00:19:51We are staying here.
00:19:54The baby is crying.
00:19:55 this is what refugees face inside one of two registration camps.
00:20:02These pictures show what passes for food distribution.
00:20:09Hungary's prime minister suggest the police are doing their best against a rebellion by illegal migrants.
00:20:15The organization human rights watch calls tehse conditions -- these conditions filthy and abysmal and accuses hungary of failing to apply -- abide by its international obligations.
00:20:32>> Hungary continues to be the most difficult part of the journey that the syrian refugees in afghan refugees are making to europe.
00:20:39They get blocked at the border.
00:20:44The police take them to these holding centers where they live in horrible conditions.
00:20:48 hungary continues to build a fence to secure its border.
00:20:55It aims to finish construction by next tuesday.
00:20:56It promises tough action afterwards against anyone who tries to break through.
00:21:03>> Unlawfully crossing the border is a crime that carries serious legal consequences.
00:21:11We are putting up signs all over the place that show them where they have to go if they want to come to hungary.
00:21:17Where they can do it lawfully.
00:21:21If they do not cross legally, we will consider it a crime.
00:21:23 many more refugees are on their way.
00:21:27Every day, more than 3000 people make it into hungary.
00:21:30This cannot be what they expected.
00:21:41 distressing images coming out of hungary.
00:21:42As poorer nations continue to struggle to cope with the crisis.
00:21:46And president obama weighed in on the crisis today saying the world should expect refugee problems for decades to come.
00:21:54 obama was speaking at a town hall event with members of the armed forces.
00:21:59He said military conflicts and climate change will contribute to ongoing migrant problems.
00:22:04Now, south african artist william kentridge is known for working and many mediums including print, drawings and animated films.
00:22:16He has been described as one of the most important politically engaged artists doing today.
00:22:20And his father represented nelson mandela.
00:22:22Our bbc arts editor went to meet him in london where he has a new show.
00:22:33 his powerful black-and-white work is instantly recognizable.
00:22:40At first, his sketchy hand-drawn creation might appear simple, almost childish, but they are -- their direct style quickly draws you into a complex, politically charged -- area.
00:22:56>> It's both a dance macabre, but it is really, which is a dance about people being labeled to death.
00:23:10But it is also a procession of refugees, of people in all different parts, particularly around johannesburg.
00:23:17It has this marvelous uplifting music playing throughout.
00:23:21♪♪
00:23:23 in extreme circumstances, there is often such moments of energy needed to keep going which give a demonstration of -- how one can survive even in dire circumstances.
00:23:39His parents are both influential lawyers.
00:23:43His father famously defended nelson mandela.
00:23:47Was there a parental drive for the young one to go to law school?
00:23:54 my father said, my god, if you could do something other than law, why would you want to do law?
00:24:07I had a sense he had done it so much better than I was and it -- ever able to do it.
00:24:10 you had a circuitous route to becoming an artist.
00:24:14You study politics at university.
00:24:17You then seriously considered being an actor.
00:24:21And discovered he could not act.
00:24:23 I was -- by my failures.
00:24:30If I had been a less bad actor, I would have a tough time struggling to be an actor.
00:24:35I was saved by being so incompetent at oil painting.
00:24:43I was reduced to black-and-white.
00:24:44Reporter: and drawing?
00:24:49From such basic materials and palate, william kentridge has built up a remarkable body of work, much of it reflecting on the political life of south africa past and present.
00:24:59What about its future?
00:25:01 I am cautiously pessimistic.
00:25:05I think there are a lot of, i think so many opportunities have been missed in the last 20 years.
00:25:11Reporter: by whom?
00:25:16 by the government in terms of gathering the goodwill of people, particularly in the black, the part of black communities who gained their freedom.
00:25:26There is now a degree of anger and disappointment.
00:25:30♪♪
00:25:34 and we have one final piece of news for you tonight.
00:25:39In a shocker, serena williams has been beaten by italy's roberto vinci, ending the americans hopes of a calendar grand slam.
00:25:49 vinci was playing in her first grand slam semi final and had nevr even won a set off williams before today.
00:25:58There you go.
00:26:02That brings today's show to a close.
00:26:05You can find much more on all today's news at our website.
00:26:07To reach me, go to twitter @bbcnews us.
00:26:13Thank you for watching.
00:26:13Have a good weekend.
00:26:28>> Make sense of international news at bbc.com/news.
00:26:33>> Funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg.
00:26:50>> Build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries.
00:26:56That is the strength behind good banking relationships, too.
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